The documents are transcripts—in German—of trial testimony, clemency petitions, affidavits, prosecution exhibits, photographs of concentration camps, etc. The majority of this collection consists of concentration camp records, including releases, transfers and death lists. There are daily reports of changes, as well as some administrative material from the camps.
The first Nazi camp created for political prisoners, Jews, and other so-called undesirables. Records feature information including prisoner names and assigned numbers, birth date, birth place, etc.
Lists of those held at what some consider the most physically brutal concentration camp of the Nazi regime. Pre-trial interrogation transcripts as well as summaries and other pertinent records for nearly individuals who were questioned by the Interrogation Division. See us on Facebook. National Archives Holocaust Records Never-before-seen records online Through our partnership with the National Archives, Fold3 has scanned and indexed valuable records that help tell the story of the Holocaust.
Search Holocaust Records Note! SS units guarded the camps. In some camps, Nazi doctors performed medical experiments on prisoners. Some new camps were built at existing concentration camp complexes such as Auschwitz in occupied Poland. The camp at Lublin, later known as Majdanek , was established in the autumn of as a POW camp and became a concentration camp in Thousands of Soviet POWs were shot or gassed there.
Dachau Concentration Camp Records
Jews in Nazi-occupied lands often were first deported to transit camps such as Westerbork in the Netherlands, or Drancy in France, en route to the killing centers in German-occupied Poland. The transit camps were usually the last stop before deportation to a killing center. To help carry out the " Final Solution " the genocide or mass destruction of Jews , the Nazis established killing centers in German-occupied Poland, the country with the largest Jewish population.
Killing centers were designed for efficient mass murder.
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The first one, which opened in December , was Chelmno , where Jews and Roma were gassed in mobile gas vans. In , the Nazis opened the Belzec , Sobibor , and Treblinka killing centers to systematically murder the Jews of the General Government the territory in the interior of German-occupied Poland.
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At the Auschwitz camp complex , the Birkenau killing center had four gas chambers, known here as crematoria. Here gassing took place using the pesticide Zyklon B hydrogen cyanide, or prussic acid. During the height of deportations to the camp in , an average of 6, Jews were gassed there each day. Millions of people were imprisoned, mistreated, and murdered in the various types of Nazi camps. Under SS management, the Germans and their collaborators murdered more than three million Jews in the killing centers alone.
Only a small fraction of those imprisoned in Nazi camps survived. Gutman, Yisrael and Michael Berenbaum, eds. Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp.
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Glossary : Full Glossary. Nazi Camps Between and , Nazi Germany and its allies established more than 44, camps and other incarceration sites including ghettos.
Key Facts. More information about this image. Early Camps —38 From its rise to power in , the Nazi regime built a series of incarceration sites to imprison and eliminate real and perceived "enemies of the state.
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Types of Camps Many people refer to all of the Nazi incarceration sites during the Holocaust as concentration camps. Prisoners lacked proper equipment, clothing, nourishment, or rest. Transit camps: Transit camps functioned as temporary holding facilities for Jews awaiting deportation. These camps were usually the last stop before deportations to a killing center. Prisoner-of-war camps: For Allied prisoners of war, including Poles and Soviet soldiers. Killing centers: Established primarily or exclusively for the assembly-line style murder of large numbers of people immediately upon arrival to the site.
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