Several government institutions have issued stern warnings about the fraudulent character of redemption schemes. The ideas of the redemption movement should not be confused with the actual legal right of redemption , under which a debtor may buy back property that has been levied or foreclosed , either by paying the balance of the debt or by matching the price at which the property sells. The redemption movement is an offshoot of Posse Comitatus , an American right-wing populist organization established in by leaders of the white-supremacist Christian Identity sect.
The Posse denounced income tax , debt-based currency and debt collection as tools of Jewish control over the country. One such supporter was Roger Elvick, a former North Dakota farmer who had lost his farm in a business deal. Elvick was convicted and imprisoned for his activities, as were several of his accomplices.
Debt cancellation schemes and prosecutions similar to Elvick's continued through the s, including Family Farm Preservation  and the Montana Freemen. By the late s, the belief in a secret bank account had become a fixture of redemption schemes. The origin of this idea is not clear, but elements of it appeared in Lodi v. Lodi , Shasta County , California. In that case, plaintiff Oreste Lodi sued "Oreste Lodi, Beneficiary," produced a birth certificate as evidence that the defendant controlled his estate , and served his complaint upon the IRS.
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An appeals court upheld the dismissal, agreeing that "Plaintiff's birth certificate did not create a charitable trust" and that the case was a "slam-dunk frivolous complaint. The details of redemption schemes vary, but they typically rest on the same assumptions: 1 a distinction between a living individual and a corresponding legal person or " straw man ," 2 valuable property associated with the legal person, but rightfully belonging to the individual, and 3 a supposed procedure by which the individual can claim the property to pay debts.
Promoters justify these assumptions with elaborate historical tales. The most common explanation claims that the United States went bankrupt when it abandoned the gold standard in and started using its citizens as collateral so that it could borrow money. When participants find themselves worse off after following the procedures, they are often told that they have followed them incorrectly. Several people who have participated in redemption schemes have been convicted. William Oscar Harris, who executed a redemption scheme as a purported citizen of the "Al-Moroccan Empire," is held in a highly restricted Communication Management Unit at the United States Penitentiary, Terre Haute ,  under a contempt of court order for continuing to send redemption instruments and other false paperwork from prison.
Aside from the risk of criminal charges, redemption processes also fail to discharge debts. In a frequently-cited foreclosure case, a debtor attempted to pay her home mortgage with a redemption "bill of exchange" at the suggestion of promoter Barton Buhtz.
A United States District Court concluded that "the legal authorities Plaintiff cites and the facts she alleges suggest that she did not tender payment, but rather a worthless piece of paper. Other courts addressing claims nearly identical to Plaintiff's have found likewise. To caution people away from redemption schemes, several U. The Inspector General of the Treasury,  the Federal Trade Commission ,  and various Federal Reserve Banks  have warned that the Treasury and the Federal Reserve Banks do not maintain draft accounts for individuals and will not honor any individual drafts.
In June , Roger Elvick was found guilty by a federal jury in Hawaii of conspiracy to impede justice in connection with federal tax filings under 18 U.
During the early s redemption promoter Barton Buhtz distributed phony bills of exchange to clients to use for debt payments. In a mass e-mail early in , Unger vowed to use his show to present a "final remedy to the enslavement at the hands of corporations posing as legitimate government.
Winston Shrout, a former construction worker, started practicing redemption schemes in By , he was marketing the schemes under the name "Solutions in Commerce.
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During the same period he also attempted to pass billion and trillion-dollar "bills of exchange" on the IRS and various financial companies. Shrout was indicted on 19 charges of passing fictitious instruments and failure to file federal income tax returns, and he was convicted on all charges in April On March 5, , a warrant was issued for his arrest. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Debt resistance movement. Federal taxation. State and local taxation.
Federal tax reform. For the Reconstruction-era political coalition in the United States, see Redeemers. Rockwell Publishing Company. Retrieved 17 February Elvick , N. Mack , N. July 7, Durant OK Daily Democrat. Retrieved Lorenzo , F. Wiley , F. Cir Rosnow , F.
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Dykstra , F. The Journal Times. May 18, New York Times. Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. Lodi , Cal. Foreign statutes are to have force and effect to which they are entitled in the home state. And that a judgment or record shall have the same faith, credit, conclusive effect, and obligatory force in other states as it has by law or usage in the state from whence taken. The state claims an interest in every child within its jurisdiction. The state will, if it deems it necessary, nullify your parental rights and appoint a guardian trustee over your children.
The subject of every birth certificate is a child. The child is a valuable asset, which if properly trained, can contribute valuable assets provided by its labor for many years. Why do you think they teach teachers to not only teach their students, but their parents that their child needs a good education so that they can grow up and get a good job? They have been making the people slaves for years and no one has ever stopped to question them on it?
The child itself, when born, is the asset of the trust established by the birth certificate, and the social security number is the numbering or registration of the trust, allowing for the assets of the trust to be tracked, thus making whomever gets a birth certificate owned by the state. Everyone who has a birth certificate, are considered assets of the bankrupt United States of America, which makes them designated by this government as "Human Resources".
Again, ask yourself, why do you think when you call to see if a company is hiring, you have to go through a division known as Human Resources? Today we are defined as human resources, believed to be owned by the government. The government now wants us, as individuals, to be tagged and tracked. Government mandated or legislated National I.
Federal jurisdiction to legislate for the several states does not exist. They have no legislation for ordering you to have a identification card, health card, and so forth, but they know the people are ignorant to the Law, so therefore by ignorance of the people, the government is allowed to freely at will keep coming up with forms of taxation against the American people.
Birth Certificates prove that you are national property of the International Banks. By affixing a national seal of approval to a child, the state denies the freedom, rights, and dignity that God has ordained in the scriptures. You don't need proof that you were born, you breathing is proof enough for these hypocrites. By requiring a license, the state is claiming complete control and ownership over your liberty, and property.
Christ's assembly does not exist on paper, but in the hearts of men, and is expressed in their outward acts. Because there is no breath of Life from God in such pieces of paper, we should not look to them for any authority for doing anything. Each of us is a sovereign and each one of us was given unalienable rights by God we do not need to have our birth registered.
A Certificate, as used today, is not lawfully the same as a certified copy. A Birth Certificate is issued by the State to conform with federal requirements under the purported necessity of 'vital statistics'. The names are spelled in all capital letters and conform to federal 'law' regulations. Prior to the 's, the only certification of a birth came from the church, not the State or government. The church required two Christian witnesses to attest to, by their signatures and seals, the birth, be it a live birth or a stillborn birth.
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The church viewed that living or dead, the birth was to be attested to under affirmation before God. In a more particular sense, the written declaration, under the hand or seal or both, of some public officer, to be used as evidence in a court, or to substantiate a fact. A certificate of this kind may be considered as given under the oath of office. Trial by certificate, is where the evidence of the person certifying is the only proper criterion of the point in dispute, as when the issue is whether a person was absent in the army; this is tried by the certificate of the Marshall of the army, in writing under his seal.
To testify to in writing; to make a declaration in writing, under hand, or hand and seal, to make known or establish a fact. To give certain information to; applied to persons. We have sent and certified the king -Ezra 4. To give certain information of; applied to things.
This is designed to certify those things that are confirmed of Gods favor. It is followed by of, after the person, and before the thing told; as, I certified you of the fact. Middle English certificat, from Middle French, from Medieval Latin certificatum, from Late Latin, neuter of certificatus, past participle of certificare, to certify, 15th century. Inflected Form s : -fied; -fy-ing. To 'certify' is to testify to in writing: to make known or establish as a fact. The word is not essential to a 'certificate'. State v. Schwin, 65 Wis.
By looking at the defamations and cite above, it's clear that a certificate is a document, issued by a public officer, i. In contrast, to certify, as in a certified copy, is to attest as to the truth in the manner of a confirmation by witness signatures and seals before Almighty God.
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